The technological advancements have many things to offer. In recent times, it has also started to show its influence on the modern nation-state. The whole concept of Westphalian state is questioned through what is referred to as Bitnation. Bitnation, in general, refers to empowering voluntary civilisation through technology.
Bitnation aims at replacing the borders and thereby, the traditional nation- state model with a new world. Under the Decentralized Borderless Voluntary Nation (DBVN) constitution, anyone can establish a nation based on their own principles, cultures, or traditions, and states would compete with one another for citizens by offering the best price and quality for their services. The proponents of Bitnation claim that in such a borderless community cryptocurrencies shall be used.
The proponents of Bitnation believe that the geographical boundaries make humans “geographical prisoners.” Which refers to the inability of the humans to choose the government and the services it is ought to offer. “We are hardcore on people’s freedom to choose,” said Tarkowski Tempelhof. The belief that every human would define total freedom as an individual choice is a complicated stance. We are social creatures, after all, with a tendency to organize and make decisions on a communal level, to delegate tasks and assume societal roles.
Brett Scott explained that “A lot of libertarians… think that the mere fact of being “free” makes you empowered.” Brett Scott is an author and independent researcher who has written on blockchain technology for the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. “It’s all founded on these notions of negative liberty, which is like, as long as nobody stops you, everything is fine. This is not at all how societies work.”
Proponents of Bitnation repeatedly stressed that freedom of choice doesn’t have to fall into a collectivism versus individualism binary. No one is forced to use Bitnation, Tarkowski Tempelhof insists. Instead, it’s about opting in or opting out.
But as Scott propounded “merely not having somebody stop you doesn’t equate empowerment.” “Empowerment involves having your needs authentically met and having support structures that enable you to live your life, and flexibility within those [structures] so you can express your individuality.”
Vinay Gupta exclaimed that “Today’s Bitnation is very limited, but could grow into something.” He is a project manager of Ethereum Release, a venture capital firm.
Bitnation has nearly 4,000 citizens flung across the globe, though the majority—and its spokesperson—are based in Europe. The platform is gaining momentum at a time when the strains of the nation-state model are increasingly evident. Europe, the birthplace of the Peace of Westphalia and the emergence of sovereign jurisdiction as we know it, is seemingly plagued by a rise in right-wing nationalism, an uneven debt crisis, an influx of refugees, and a Brexit.
Bitnation has been able to address specific inadequacies of the European nation-state model. The platform’s Refugee Emergency Response project, for example, provides emergency digital ID cards and Bitcoin Visa cards to people escaping war-torn countries and arriving on the shores of Europe.
The best way to ensure stability and peace, Tarkowski-Tempelhof said, is allowing people to “do their own thing.”