Data transmission enables almost every system today to work and perform its function. The researchers have recently identified a process to fasten up the process of data transmission. The researchers using the liquid light produced by the polaritons were able to unite the two main components of data transmission: light and electricity.
Researchers all around the world are engaged in a mission to formulate different approaches to storing power and speed in the smallest particles possible. A team of researchers from the University of Cambridge in collaboration with researchers from Mexico and Greece has recently emerged with an approach on similar lines.
The researchers have relied on a small electro-optical switch that managed to create and manipulate liquid light. Liquid light resembles the glowing fluids found in the glow sticks.
Dr. Hamid Ohadi co- author of the study from Cambridge’s Cavendish Laboratory explained, “We’re reaching the limits of how small we can make transistors, and electronics based on liquid light could be a way of increasing the power and efficiency of the electronics we rely on.”
At present the process of data transmission relies on a mixture of both electricity and fiber optics. At the initial stage, the electrical charges on semiconductor chips are used to process the information. Then, a separate transmission line is used to transmit the information processed using optical cables (using light for data transmission).
The electricity is thereby supposed to be converted into light before it can run through optical cables. This conversion takes time and makes the process of data transmission a time taking process.
The study undertaken by the researchers from the University of Cambridge along with others have identified a way fastening the process. The key to the solution was found in polariton, and Polariton is a hybrid particle that cuts the electro-optical conversion time down.
In the experiment, the researchers have placed many polaritons at an equal distance which induces condensation into a light-matter fluid that could spin clockwise (spin-up) or counterclockwise (spin-down).
The experiment was performed at cryogenic temperature. The researchers, however, believe to achieve the similar results at room temperatures.
Dr. Alexander Dreismann, a lead author of the study, exclaimed: “The polariton switch unifies the best properties of electronics and optics into one tiny device that can deliver at very high speeds while using minimal amounts of power.”