The battery has arrived as an essential thing in the present tech-savvy world that relies hugely on a battery charge. A team of researchers from MIT have designed a supercapacitor whose material is three times greater than carbon- based models.
A paper published in the magazine, Nature Materials has explained the creation of supercapacitor. They are made using extremely porous and sponge-like structure called Metal Organic Frameworks (MOF).
The supercapacitors offer quicker recharge and long battery lifetime, however, these batteries suffer from diminished capacity. Most usual supercapacitors use porous carbon as active electrode materials including activated carbon, carbon nanotubes, and crosslinked or holey graphenes. These materials are difficult to produce, moreover, they require high temperatures and harsh chemicals.
The supercapacitors designed by the researchers from MIT are made from a material called Ni3(hexaiminotriphenylene)2. This is the first ever model capable of surpassing the performance and durability of current models.
Mircea Dincă, an MIT associate professor of chemistry, who led the research exclaimed that the newly designed supercapacitor made of Metal Organic Frameworks (MOF), could improve the battery technology that exists in the present day.
Mircea further stated, “Our lab’s discovery of highly electrically conductive MOFs opened up a whole new category of applications,” according to MIT News. “Tests showed that the material lost only 10% of their performance after 10,000 cycles — that competes with other existing supercapacitors and batteries.”
As the world is marching towards a world of machines and technology where electric cars become an epitome, a long lasting battery system is important and is required. Supercapacitors emerge as the best possible battery in this context. It has the ability and potential to recharge electric cars much faster and longs last. Compared to the batteries based on carbon structures supercapacitors can withstand more charge- discharge cycles, stated the researcher.