Transhumanism has, in fact, started another era of civilisation. Transhumanism enables a human being to go beyond being ‘human.’ Earlier or even today in most parts of the world, it is impossible to cure a disease altogether. However, with the onset of transhumanism, no matter what the biological problem one has, one can easily get away with it. Transhumanists believe that despite solving physical bodily problems, it is capable of enabling humans to go beyond mental limitations. Most importantly, it makes possible immortality.
The wider potentialities that transhumanism have are, however challenging today’s society constructs. Today’s society constructs are wide ranging from healthcare and social services to pensions and insurance, as well as the labor market, just to name a few. Immortality poses a series of ethical and moral questions, such as how to make room for the next generations or if it would be reserved only for those privileged few. Thereby, it might create a new class divide.
Through transhumanism, implants have become advanced and efficient. Innovations have been made where the limbs could be controlled by the mind and linked directly to the nervous system. Three-dimensional printing has entered the field of prosthetics and organ implants.
Three-dimensional printing has further helped in making the process of implantation much more advanced. Implantations thereby open up another ethical debate. There are some who claim that in the transhuman world, the differently abled are the ones without any prosthetic implants or bionic enhancements.
Genome editing is one of the other innovation of the transhumanist age. This technology allows one to edit the genome with utmost efficiency and precision. However, few claim that genome editing raises complex issues. Critics warn about the social dangers of creating genetically modified human beings. They also assert that gene editing challenges the view of what it means to be human.
Transhumanism has introduced pathbreaking techniques in taking human beyond being ‘human.’ However, it raises numerous questions on ethical and moral grounds, which needs to be solved.