The metallurgical and material sciences had played a huge role to help mankind reach the heights of technology and development that it is at now. Material sciences are one the pillars upon which we created the modern scientific era.
Whether it is state of the art building and skyscrapers or medical implantation of artificial limbs, bones and joints it has been an important part of lives and it has sustainability on earth. As it is the study physics and chemistry of matter which can be utilized further for engineering applications and manufacturing products so it has become a part of our everyday life.
“Titanium-3” an alloy of titanium and gold
With each passing day new metals and alloys are being discovered or created by the material and metallurgy experts. These metals are helping people all over the world depending upon their properties. Titanium is hard and expensive metal often used in jewelry. In addition to jewelry titanium is quite frequently used by the doctors as a replacement of a bone in the human body. This metal is used as a replacement of the human bone because of its compatibility with the human body and resemblance to the bone. It is being used quite successfully for implantation all around the world.
Scientists have now created an alloy of titanium with gold. The alloy is given the name “Titanium-3”. This metal alloy is relatively stronger than other metal alloys. Experiments conducted on titanium-3 indicate that the alloy has four times more strength than steel and titanium. It is surprisingly more wear-resistance and biocompatible with human body.
Structure of Titanium-3
Titanium-3 has stable structure with an increased valence shell density which makes the structure of the material more strong. The beta version of the metal alloy with increased strength was formed when the high temperature ranges were used which formed a pure crystalline structure. A relatively less strong metal alloy which equals the strength of titanium itself is formed when low temperature ranges were used to make the alpha version of the alloy.