Transhumanism – Vision, bloodstream, joints, brain, tissues, cells. All body parts are concerned…
Here are seven points that we will discuss about the developments we’ll get in 2050.
It is already possible to restore sight to the blind through electronic retinal implants in the brain . But according to Serge Picaud, neurobiologist and director of research at the Vision Institute in Paris, the most innovative approach optogenetics, based on the genome of a … seaweed. The latter is able to move naturally towards the light. Researchers therefore want to use their visual system to transfer a patient. Eventually, the neurons of the visually impaired can express the same protein that makes the sensitive algae to light. A lot crazier research project is also underway to develop the ability to see at night, like a cat, by injecting into the eye a chemical element present in some deep water fish.
No more blood shortages in hospitals. A synthetic fluid flows in the veins of the bionic man. By 2020, scientists already provide for the use of capsules capable of cleaning the blood. They also plan to increase its ability to transport oxygen, which hemoglobin is 50 times more effective than ours. Before why not genetically modify the cells to enhance their resistance to aging or viruses.
The bones and joints
Imagine an articulated arm, connected, able to lift tons of cast iron, equipped with USB ports and a landing platform for mini-UAV. The capacity of the future prostheses have limitations as those of the human imagination. The bionic limb could democratize either in amputees, but those who wish to avoid fractures, run faster, jump higher or swim like a fish.
“Since the 2030s, we will, through hybridization of our brains with nano-electronic components, have a quasi-divine power.” This prophecy signed Ray Kurzweil, chief engineer of Google, meaning the majority of our thoughts will soon be of biological origin. They emanate a “cloud”, an artificial cloud networking, in which we could draw information. Our brain increased by implants will also be able to erase bad memories or to capture others. Moreover, the fight against neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson can pass through a replacement of defective brain areas with microelectronic implants.
The vital organs
Besides the generalization of biotechnology organs, artificial, exploitation of stem cells will produce organs in vitro using 3D printers , such as the heart, lung, or kidney. This is natural cells programmed to multiply indefinitely and can give rise to all the organs and tissues of the human body. With the great advantage of not being rejected by the immune system of the graft. The most important reservoir of stem cells is at the embryo. Only for ethical reasons, the embryo research are framed in France at present. This is less the case in the United States or China.
With a bio 3D printer, a French team has already managed to print a piece of skin from various types of cultured human cells in vitro. Ultimately, one can imagine the manufacture of intelligent skin, integrated with the epidermis. Studded with chips and extensively, it could be an electronic tattoo that inform our overall health.
Therapies will be developed to reduce the oxidation of cells responsible for aging. The heart of the research focuses on mitochondria , these small organelles present in the cells, of which they constitute the energy reactor. By maintaining these mitochondria in a healthy condition, researchers believe they can halt cell death or rejuvenate. This may involve the injection of a specific molecule (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide – NAD) or activation of certain genes. Laboratory mice have found a baby mouse muscle force and won 40% of life more through these techniques.